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Brief Introduction to Zamboanga Del Sur Province
2008-10-29

Zamboanga del Sur is a province of the Philippines located in the Zamboanga Peninsula region in Mindanao. Its capital is Pagadian City, which is also the regional center of Region IX. The province borders Zamboanga del Norte to the north, Zamboanga Sibugay to the west, Misamis Occidental to the northeast, and Lanao del Norte to the east. To the south is the Moro Gulf.

Zamboanga del Sur occupies the southern section of the Zamboanga peninsula that forms the western part of the Island of Mindanao. It has a total land area of 473,491 hectares or 4,734.91 square miles.

Stretching northward from Sibugay in the southwest and running along the northern boundary to Salug Valley in the east is the province’s mountainous countryside. The coastal plains extend regularly from south to west then spread into wide flat lands when reaching the coastal plains of the Baganian peninsula in the southeast.

The province has a relatively high mean annual rainfall: 1,599 - 3,500 mm. Temperature is relatively warm and constant throughout the year: 22 - 35 °C.

The longest river in Region IX, the Sibugay River gets its water from the towering mountains of Zamboanga del Sur most specifically in Bayog and Lakewood until it flows into Sibugay Bay which is now a portion of Zamboanga Sibugay. Other notable rivers are the Kumalarang River, and Salug River in Molave.

As of the 2000 census, Zamboanga del Sur had a population of 836,147, making it the 16th most populous province. The population density was 3,480/km2, the 20th most densely populated province.

The most commonly spoken language is Cebuano, spoken by 72.47% of the population. Also spoken are Tagalog, Subanen, Chavacano, Ilonggo, Maguindanao, Iranun, Boholano, and Ilocano.

The economy is dominantly agricultural. Products include coco oil, livestock feed milling, rice/corn milling, including the processing of fruits, gifts and housewares made from indigenous materials like handmade paper, roots, rattan, buri, and bamboo; wood-based manufacture of furniture and furniture components from wood, rattan, and bamboo; marine and aquaculture including support services; construction services and manufacture of marble, concrete, and wooden construction materials. There are also notable mining areas in the province, such as the Municipality of Bayog which houses the renowned TVI, a Canadian-based mining firm which concentrates on Gold Mining, and the Cebu Ore Mining which is handling the Ore-Copper-Steel mines. There are also small scale mines in the Municipality of Dumingag.

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